The Japanese bow or "Oligi" is seen as a mark of respect, devotion, apology, and as a form of introduction. There are three types of bows. which are as follows: Eshaku: It is a type of daily greeting, usually used around friends, acquaintances, and colleagues. The posture of the bow is different for men and women. The man will bow at an angle of 15 degrees with both hands at their sides and their eyes down. The woman, on the other hand, will bow at the same angle but her hands will be placed forward and eyes down. Keirel: It is used around someone superior. The person will bow at an angle of 30 degrees, while the posture for women and men remains the same as the earlier one.

Saikeirel: The person will bow at an angle of 45 degrees. It is seen as the highest form of respect and is not used on a daily basis because it is mostly associated with unique occasions such as when in the presence of the emperor, or to convey sincere apologies.


Cultural Diversity and Sustainable Development for Peace